We investigated the effect of grassland diversity, drought and higher nitrogen level on legacy effects. Legacy effects (measured as yield of a follow-on crop, which reflect the influence of the preceding crop) were strongly positively affected by the proportion of legumes. Drought can impact legacy effects, but is modest relative to the effect of plant diversity. Aggregated across both ley and follow-on crop phases, the high-diversity, lower-nitrogen grassland community yielded more than the higher-nitrogen grass monoculture.
|Fig. 1. Overhead shot of the field site with the experimental design and plot management to track the effect of plant diversity, drought and fertiliser level on the legacy effect within plots.|